It is also known as peppermint. It’s the flavor they use in toothpaste, chewing gum, and other products. This is true. A peppermint tree in your backyard can offer you many other benefits. It’s easy to learn how toPeppermint can be grown. Before we get into the details of what peppermint is, let’s first take a look at its history. In 1750, peppermint (Menthax pirita) was planted for the first time near London. It originally was a hybrid of peppermint and watermint. Peppermint’s versatility and healing properties can be seen in its ability to grow almost anywhere on the planet.
What exactly is peppermint?
Peppermint, a natural mint mix, can be found wild in Europe, North America and Australia.This name is derived from, the Latin word Mintha. It’s the Greek name for a nymph, who was transformed into a plant of mint (it’s a complete story). piper means pepper.Its name, “pepper”, is apt because it has a pungent, spicy flavor that comes from a unique blend of menthol and menthone and menthylcetate as well as limonene, terpenoids, and menthol.Depending on the growing conditions, peppermint plants can reach three feet in height and two feet in width at maturity. Plants typically reach one to two inches in height. Some cultivars have smooth, red stems. It has oval-shaped leaves with toothed margins. The plant may also produce pink or purple flowers in summer.
Peppermint’s history is like many mint varieties. It can be grown wild in many places around the globe, so it is not clear how they got there.Although scientists don’t know where it came from, it is thought to have been created in Europe.Michael Castleman, author of “The New Healing Herbs” which is available on Amazon explains that spearmint and peppermint were both considered the same plant up until John Ray, an English botanist, distinguished them.
Mentha x Piperita ‘Chocolate Mint” has blooms that open from bottom to top; the flavor is similar to mint chocolate chip ice-cream.Mentha x Piperita Citrata has a citrusy scent and is often called orange mint.Mentha x Piperita ‘Crispa’ has a trailing form with bright green, crinkled leaves and tiny pale lavender flowers.Peppermint plant is a common name. It’s the flavor they use in toothpaste, chewing gum, and other products.
Repotting and potting
Because peppermint tends to spread all over the place, it’s a good idea to plant peppermint in pots. Large pots should be large enough to permit root growth. Good mulching ensures that the plant is well-drained and has a humid environment. Lack of sun or too much fertilizer can cause potted mint to become leggy. Keep container-grown mint bushy and compact by trimming it regularly. It will keep it healthy over the years.
You can grow peppermint in either full sun or partial shade. Peppermint is tolerant to some shade which is uncommon among herbs.
Peppermint’s adaptability is one of its greatest assets. But it is also a challenge because peppermint can grow anywhere. Peppermint thrives in rich, loamy soil that is moist. However, it has been known to grow along trailsides and on craggy outcrops – it can and will grow wherever you put it.
Keep the soil moist to ensure your peppermint plants thrive. Don’t overdo it. As with most mints, peppermint can’t tolerate standing water. Your plant can be severely damaged by soggy roots.
Humidity and temperature
Even though peppermint has a high degree of hardiness, it cannot withstand heavy frosts. It cannot withstand prolonged cold snaps in cold environments, USDA Hardiness Zones 5 or below. The ideal conditions for peppermint are between 55 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. It can however be grown at a range of temperatures. When temperatures are likely to rise, it is important that the soil remains moist. Humid conditions can cause excessive growth.
Avoid fertilizing any herbs, particularly those belonging to the genus Mentha. Aromatic herbs are determined by the oils in their flowers and leaves. It is possible to speed up growth by using fewer flowers and leaves. Also, the stems can become leggy, producing smaller, more concentrated amounts of oil-rich plants and leaflets. You can often see this difference in taste when you buy store-bought herbs.
Propagating Peppermint Plant
Mint is one of the easiest to propagate using cuttings. Use sterile scissors to cut a 4-inch length of stem. Place the cut leaves below the node. Then submerge in distilled water. It should be in bright sunlight with excellent air circulation.
Starting from seeds
The peppermint seeds should be pressed on to the seed starter mix. Be gentle when handling the seeds. You don’t need to cover the seeds with soil. It is important to keep the soil moist. The soil should be kept moist. If heated with a heatpad it will germinate in 5-10 working days. When you’re ready to transplant seedslings or direct sow into your garden, wait until frost has passed. You should space the peppermint seedlings between 18-24 inches.