How to leverage product analysis at each stage of the design course of

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  • This text was written by Lorelei Bowman from Maze—the product analysis platform for contemporary groups.
  • Think about probably the most helpful and gratifying merchandise you utilize every day. It’s seemingly all of them have one factor in widespread: they had been designed along with your wants in thoughts. Nice merchandise anticipate your wants—and their nuances—earlier than you even have them. So, how will you obtain that when designing merchandise?

    The reply is straightforward: with the fitting analysis, on the proper time within the design course of.

    On this article, we’ll cowl what product analysis is and why it’s pivotal in your product’s success. We’ll undergo every stage of the design course of and delve into how to use analysis to information and validate your concepts all through.

    ✏️ Due to our mates at Maze for sponsoring this weblog put up!

    A short introduction to product analysis

    Designing a product is a giant enterprise, and with that comes quite a lot of danger. Is the consumer expertise intuitive and straightforward to make use of? Does the product resolve the issues customers want it to?

    Whereas we will by no means get rid of all danger when designing and constructing a product, we will mitigate it, with the fitting product analysis on the proper time.

    “Analysis depends on quite a lot of storytelling and bringing individuals on board along with your journey.” — Blake Hodgson, Design Supervisor at Maze

    Earlier than we get into the depths of why you want product analysis, let’s check out what product analysis actually is.

    Once we speak about product analysis at Maze, we’re speaking about analysis as a steady strategy of discovery, validation, and assortment of consumer insights that helps to gas understanding, decision-making, and construct an ideal consumer expertise.

    This will likely embody:

  • Studying about your goal customers’ needs, wants, and ache factors
  • Discovering how your customers thinks and understands ideas
  • Working with customers to collect and check concepts
  • Testing designs to validate assumptions and collect perception
  • Utilizing analysis to make knowledgeable product selections and higher perceive your goal consumer is a vital a part of designing and constructing profitable merchandise. Bringing goal customers into this course of lets you create an answer that solves actual issues.

    Forms of product analysis

    With so many forms of product analysis, realizing when to make use of the fitting analysis methodology will be the distinction between gaining precious perception and pointless info.

    Listed here are simply among the classes product analysis can fall into:

    📌 Generative analysis

    Generative analysis—often known as exploratory analysis—gives a deep understanding of goal customers’ motivations, challenges, and behaviors. The purpose is usually to pinpoint an issue and gather sufficient knowledge to maneuver ahead with a key downside assertion.

    📈 Evaluative analysis

    Evaluative analysis—often known as analysis analysis—focuses on evaluating a product or idea and accumulating knowledge concerning the efficiency of your answer. That is usually undertaken early on and utilized in a steady, iterative approach throughout and after the design course of.

    🗂️ Quantative analysis

    Quantitative analysis is used to gather and analyze numerical knowledge, establish patterns, make predictions and generalize findings about an viewers or matter. Strategies embody quantitative usability testing, A/B testing, and card sorting.

    🧠 Qualitative analysis

    Qualitative analysis is about uncovering the ‘why’ behind your consumer’s actions. Qualitative knowledge presents an understanding of motivations, ideas, and attitudes. Strategies embody surveys, consumer interviews, moderated usability testing, or area research, the place you possibly can immediately observe and research individuals.

    The perfect product analysis is steady and iterative—a mix of strategies, carried out repeatedly all through the design and improvement course of. This allows you to present a well-rounded understanding of the issue area and your customers.

    Illustration by Maze

    Why do you want product analysis?

    When carried out early and infrequently, product analysis can information you in the fitting route for designing a helpful, intuitive, and accessible product that customers wish to and might use.

    Listening to immediately out of your target market removes the guesswork and gives goal suggestions, permitting you to empathize along with your consumer and create a product that places the consumer on the middle of their expertise. Analysis additionally helps you:

    ✔️ Perceive your consumer’s needs and wishes

    By working with actual customers, you possibly can design primarily based on knowledge and suggestions, slightly than assumptions. Analysis eliminates the guesswork, enabling you to make data-informed selections and align merchandise with the core wants of customers. Achieve perception into actual customers’ challenges, ache factors, and needs—then construct on that basis.

    ✔️ Reveal how nicely customers perceive your product

    Analysis allows you to perceive how an actual consumer would strategy your product and navigate it to attain their objectives. In the end, simply since you or group members perceive one thing, doesn’t assure the typical consumer will. Analysis can reveal whether or not a consumer understands your product—by idea, design and prototype. Take a look at all the things from navigation to performance and language, and collect not solely proof of idea, however proof of widespread usability.

    ✔️ Preempt errors and save sources

    It’s all too straightforward to get near launching a product—and even post-launch—solely to find a hidden error. Conducting analysis early on within the design course of allows you to establish points early and iterate usually, due to this fact minimizing errors and saving the sources in any other case wanted to repair the difficulty and redeploy last-minute updates.

    ✔️ Assist create accessible merchandise

    Product analysis additionally permits individuals of all talents, backgrounds, and accessibility must evaluation your product from further views. Whereas suggestions from friends is invaluable, analysis gives unbiased suggestions from various teams, with no preconceptions of the product, its aim, or talents.

    Why do you have to analysis?

    Our analysis at Maze exhibits that design groups often perform analysis simply a couple of times, sometimes in the direction of the tip of the design course of. Whereas it’s extremely necessary to carry out late-stage usability testing, it’s additionally essential to conduct analysis early within the design course of. When you don’t, you’re largely designing at midnight—basing selections on assumptions, slightly than suggestions and knowledge.

    Conducting product analysis early and infrequently allows you to perceive your customers and study extra about their wants and preferences.

    Conducting product analysis early and infrequently allows you to perceive your customers and study extra about their wants and preferences, to allow them to be constructed into the product in a considerate approach. However it may be exhausting to know the very best sort of analysis and testing to conduct at every stage of the design course of—that’s why we’ve mapped out the high-level levels of the design course of and the fitting forms of analysis to make use of under.

    Let’s get began.

    Illustration by Maze

    Stage 1: Analysis & Discovery

    Earlier than you even begin designing, it’s time to analysis and uncover what your downside is—what are you making an attempt to resolve? On the analysis stage, it’s not about narrowing down your product concept or defining a aim, it’s merely about gathering as a lot info as potential and studying all the things you possibly can about your matter.

    A standard false impression is that product discovery is a single stage within the design course of. The truth is, analysis and discovery ought to proceed all through your complete design and improvement, so preserve your eyes and thoughts open.

    “The extra time you spend understanding an issue, the much less time you’ll should spend exploring an excessively vast number of options.” — Helen Tsvirinkal, Product Designer at Shopify

    🔍 What sort of analysis do you have to do?

    This stage is concerning the breadth of knowledge, from reviewing options at present in the marketplace, to studying who your viewers is. Deal with accumulating directional insights with a generative sort of analysis, gathering giant quantities of perception to empathize along with your customers and perceive the issue at hand.

    This sometimes entails conducting consumer interviews to higher perceive your viewers, and analyzing present knowledge you could have on the subject. When you’re designing a brand new product from the bottom up, you possibly can conduct usability exams with competitor merchandise or merchandise you suppose are attaining your aim. Observe how customers really feel about these instruments, perceive their psychological fashions, and use the information as a benchmark.

    Statge 2: Synthesis & definition

    Whether or not you’re redesigning an internet site’s info structure or constructing a brand-new piece of software program, analysis is paramount to figuring out probably the most precious answer to your customers’ downside, and defining an issue assertion.

    Analysis at this stage is much less about particular elements of the design, and extra about testing concepts.

    “At this stage, we all know the final pains or wants from the product discovery course of, and this step is basically about utilizing these as stimulus to determine which concepts are value pursuing.” — Blake Hodgson, Design Supervisor at Maze

    Analysis at this stage is much less about particular elements of the design, and extra about testing concepts. Think about whether or not this appears like one thing the consumer would discover useful, is the aim in thoughts precious to the consumer, is there one other subject which is extra urgent? Suggestions gathered right here doesn’t essentially outline the route of your product, however will assist prioritize the options value specializing in, and guiding your improvement roadmap.

    🔍 What sort of analysis do you have to do?

    Now’s the time to outline your downside and slender down your objectives—and the way you’ll obtain them—you wish to begin with all of your choices, and use analysis to filter all the way down to those you wish to pursue. Deal with generative and formative analysis. Look to collect qualitative knowledge out of your goal consumer on what their challenges are and the way they’d like them to be solved.

    Prime strategies for doing this embody operating surveys to higher perceive consumer wants and ache factors and idea validation like a choice check to learn the way customers really feel about potential options. Moderated exams the place you possibly can hear individuals’ thought processes and ask follow-up questions are particularly precious.

    Guarantee questions are clear and unbiased—much less is extra. Keep away from main questions or comparability questions. Some instance questions are:

  • What was your first impression of every idea?
  • What are your favourite elements of every idea?
  • What are your least favourite elements of every idea?
  • How usually would you utilize every idea?
  • You might also wish to start analyzing buyer suggestions, both in your present product or opponents; have a look at what present customers are discovering difficult or having fun with. Think about how may you additional enhance their expertise, primarily based on their direct commentary—how does this align with the outcomes of your idea validation?

    Stage 3: Ideation & testing

    The ideation and testing part is all about producing options and designs, so that you’re in search of evaluative insights on how the answer/design performs with customers—this sometimes takes the type of a prototype usability check carried out a number of occasions at completely different levels:

  • Low-fidelity prototype testing: Map out the varied options of your product, and take into account how every one matches into the broader consumer expertise. Specializing in the practical elements of your product (headlines, buttons, wireframes) will assist preserve you targeted on usability.
  • Mid-fidelity prototype testing: That is the place you’ll actually be placing the usability of your designs to the check. Whereas a mid-fidelity prototype gained’t be fully-formed, it ought to resemble the tip design, so check outcomes right here can strongly affect the ultimate feel and look of your product.
  • Excessive-fidelity prototype testing: Together with your designs nearly full, now could be the time to test your present iteration in opposition to earlier or present designs and opponents. You wish to validate the ultimate design and uncover any hidden usability points, so this stage is about exhausting and quick knowledge assortment.
  • 🔍 What sort of analysis do you have to do?

    When you’ve landed on a design (or a number of), you’ll wish to put it by a number of rounds of testing, from fundamental wireframe testing to low, mid, and high-fidelity prototype testing. It’s necessary to notice that this stage is extremely iterative, and for the very best end result, you’ll circle by the phases a number of occasions.

    “I attempt to check at an early idea part when I’ve a low-fidelity wireframe to get some early enter from actual customers. As soon as we get the primary outcomes, it’s necessary to make use of these outcomes all through different design phases and re-test with customers.” —Vaida Pakulyte, UX researcher and Designer at Electrolux

    Early formative exams with a low-fidelity prototype or paper mock-up are very important in making certain your product is intuitive and meets customers’ wants, and will be the make-or-break level of an idea. Keep away from getting caught on particular design components, and as a substitute concentrate on testing concepts, hierarchy of knowledge structure, and fundamental interactions.

    Analysis right here ought to present a mixture of qualitative and quantitative knowledge, with a concentrate on evaluative analysis. Utilizing a number of rounds of tree testing and card sorting is good. Tree testing will supply quantitative knowledge within the type of time-taken, success, and misclick charges, that can assist you perceive how efficient and usable your product is. In the meantime, card sorting gives clear perception on the very best methods to construction content material and knowledge structure, and learn the way individuals perceive completely different concepts.

    When you’ve carried out your last prototyping exams, use the outcomes to tell the subsequent design iteration. Loop again spherical, synthesize the discoveries of this stage’s analysis, and repeat.

    Maze’s product design course of

    Stage 4: Growth & supply

    Now you could have a design you’re assured in, it’s time to wrap up with last testing. That is the stage to check all the things: from copy and terminology, to colours, photographs, navigational components, and UX flows. Whilst you can come again from this stage, it’s finest to be as thorough as potential and mitigate any future redos.

    🔍 What sort of analysis do you have to do?

    That is the place summative testing is available in. Take into consideration this analysis as evaluative and preventative. Use summative testing to preempt and forestall any main points which might in any other case crop up after launch.

    When operating summative testing, it’s finest to purpose for a big pattern dimension to realize important outcomes from a big check pool. You also needs to benchmark the outcomes in opposition to any earlier knowledge collected to see the distinction from idea, to low-fidelity, to now.

    Conduct usability exams to collect quantitative knowledge, together with metrics like what number of duties somebody accomplished, how lengthy it took, what number of clicks, and so forth. For this stage, we extremely advocate utilizing a web-based analysis and testing device, to attenuate the guide labor and evaluation wanted.

    Wanting forward: The analysis doesn’t finish right here

    Constructing merchandise is rarely actually executed. Even after you full the levels above, analysis ought to proceed, and your product ought to preserve growing as much as and after launch.

    It’s essential to maintain testing and researching. Iterate variations of the launched product, consider its efficiency, bugs, and consumer suggestions, so you possibly can proceed to implement modifications all through the product lifecycle and design merchandise which resolve issues and delight customers.

    When you fall into the lure of considering simply because the product is on the market, the analysis is over, your product will rapidly turn into outdated and fall behind—your consumer base and their wants aren’t static, so your product shouldn’t be both.
    It doesn’t matter whether or not they’re massive or small designs, new options, or redesigns of previous ones. There’s nothing extra precious than well-timed, considerate analysis to maintain a product user-centered at every stage of design. ■

    About Maze: Maze empowers product groups to supply and scale invaluable product insights throughout the group—placing knowledge within the arms of the various. Run product analysis from anyplace and check something from prototypes to repeat and ideas, or spherical up consumer suggestions—multi function place. Works with: Figma, Adobe XD, InVision, Marvel & Sketch.

    For extra details about Maze, go to and observe @mazedesignhq.

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